We are, in essence, watching the leaves starve themselves and die. Young branchlets are densely brown-hairy. 7 Inflorescense close-up Fig. As you have seen, there are 5 biological agents that cause plant diseases. Flowers, small, pinkish, in clusters, petal arranged to form a cup. Scientific Leaf Names. The difference is in the color that the older leaves turn before falling. But as with most phenomena in the world, there is a thorough scientific explanation of this magic, and consequently as to why leaves change color in the fall. Fungi are known to cause extensive damage to the plants, especially the crops. The common name of a leaf can change depending on your location. ‘Santols’ are also called ‘lolly fruits’, ‘cottonfruits’, and ‘ wild mangosteens’, and they are also known under a variety of local names. While the leaves in their autumn hues are beautiful, the reason behind their transformation is anything but. The UF|IFAS says the scientific name of a leaf is the same worldwide. 10 S. koetjape unripe fruit Fig. The following list contains names of plant diseases that commonly trouble gardeners as well as farmers alike. Plant Family. Scientific name: Sandoricum koetjape Common name: Santol Lao name: Thong Plant family: Meliaceae. 12 Santol - Sandoricum koetjape; Fig. 3 S. koetjape (Santol) Fig. 2 Fruit in hand from Maui Mall farmers market Olinda, Maui, Hawai'i. 6 S. koetjape, Santol inflorescense and leaves Fig. The French refer to it as faux mangoustanier, while in English it’s been called wild mangosteen, COTTONFRUIT or sandor. The scientific name of the santol tree is Sandoricum koetjape and it is from the family Meliaceae, the family of mahogany. Hagonoy, Chromolaena odorata, DEVIL WEED, Fei ji cao - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies. 1 Sandoricum koetjape Fig. List of Plant Diseases Caused by Fungi. Fig. Sandoricum koetjape is a southeast Asian fruit bearing tree commonly called the santol, and sometimes the sour apple. Fruit is oval, 1 to 2 cm long, dark purple to black, fleshy and one-seeded, with a sweet-astringent taste. 4 Fig. Each tree belongs to a plant family. The red appears to be more common and the reddish leaves mixed with the green ones add … The santol is a fast-growing, straight-trunked, pale-barked tree 50 to 150 ft (15-45 m) tall, branched close to the ground and buttressed when old. Leaves are broad-tipped, opposite, shiny and leathery, ellipitic, 6 to 15 cm long. 5 S. koetjape, Santol leaf habit Fig. The Santol is native to Indo-china and West Malesia, although it is now cultivated throughout SE Asia. Santol is the name of the fruit of a tree that has the scientific name Sandoricum koetjape. They grow below 1,000m altitude and are hardy trees, able to tolerate a long dry season. It is native to Southeast Asia where it is called gratawn (กระท้อน) in Thai, kompem reach in Khmer, tong in Lao and donka in Sinhalese.. There are two varieties of santol fruit, previously considered two different species, the yellow variety and the red. 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