In 1716 his uncle, Jean-Baptiste, baron de Montesquieu, died and left to his nephew his estates, with the barony of Montesquieu, near Agen, and the office of deputy president in the Parlement of Bordeaux. Montesquieu had a wide circle of acquaintances in England. He became a close friend of the dukes of Richmond and Montagu. He settled down to exercise his judicial function (engaging to this end in the minute study of Roman law), to administer his property, and to advance his knowledge of the sciences—especially of geology, biology, and physics—which he studied in the newly formed academy of Bordeaux. Charles-Louis admired and exploited his wife’s business skill and readily left her in charge of the property on his visits to Paris. Montesquieu’s full name is baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu—popularly known as Montesquieu. A vacancy there arose in October 1727. Montesquieu was born on La Brède near Bordeaux, studied law in Bordeaux where he inhereted the Barony of Montesquieu and became a member of parliament. Updates? In Vienna he met the soldier and statesman Prince Eugene of Savoy and discussed French politics with him. how to pronounce montesquieu's full name Posted on November 4, 2020 by While addressing French readers of his General Theory, John Maynard Keynes described Montesquieu as "the real French equivalent of Adam Smith, the greatest of your economists, head and shoulders above the physiocrats in penetration, clear-headedness and good sense (which are the qualities an economist … Author of. When she died in 1696, the barony of La Brède passed to Charles-Louis, who was her eldest child, then aged seven. Among its influential arguments were the classification of governments as republics, monarchies, or despotisms; the theory of the separation of powers; and the political influence of climate. He loved to read and write and, like the utilitarian thinker he spent his life in reading and writing. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Montesquieu, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Charles-Louis de Secondat Montesquieu, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Baron de Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, Alpha History - Biography of Baron de Montesquieu, Montesquieu - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), “Reflections on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decline of the Romans”. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In the anthology we include a fragment of Montesquieu’s epistolary novel Lettres persanes (1721; supplement 1754). It was during this period that he made the acquaintance of the English politician Viscount Bolingbroke, whose political views were later to be reflected in Montesquieu’s analysis of the English constitution. Baron de Montesquieu was one of the great political philosophers of the Enlightenment period, and brought forward many great ideas and thoughts with a long noble ancestry, and his mother, Marie Françoise de Pesnel, who died when Charles Louis was seven, was an heiress (a woman with a large monetary inheritance) who … Conzague Truc (éd. This official recognition of his talent might have caused him to remain in Paris to enjoy it. Montesquieu’s father, Jacques de Secondat, belonged to an old military family of modest wealth that had been ennobled in the 16th century for services to the crown, while his mother, Marie-Françoise de Pesnel, was a pious lady of partial English extraction. Pierre Martino, L’Orient dans la littérature Francaise au XVIIe au XVIIIe siècle, Paris: Librairie Hachette, 1906. She brought to her husband a great increase in wealth in the valuable wine-producing property of La Brède. Black Friday Sale! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. . Premium Membership is now 50% off! He entered Italy, and, after tasting the pleasures of Venice, proceeded to visit most of the other cities. Montesquieu. The tone of life at court was set by the rakish regent, the duc d’Orléans, and Montesquieu did not disdain its dissipations.

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