Adapted from Honeywell, 2002. P260-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a. HI is a colorless gas, and reacts with NaOH to give sodium iodide (used in iodized salt). 5 × 10−8cm being better; this does not lead to quite such good agreement, but it is still very satisfactory, especially in view of the possibility of a small error in the activation energy that would have a large effect on the frequency factor. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Hydrogen iodide, Hydriodic acid, 10034-85-2, 14362-44-8. Hydrogen iodide Formula: HI Molecular weight: 127.91241 IUPAC Standard InChI: InChI=1S/HI/h1H Download the identifier in a file. Ian D. Entwistle, William W. Wood, in Comprehensive Organic Synthesis, 1991. The problem is that concentrated sulfuric acid is an oxidizing agent, and as well as producing hydrogen bromide or hydrogen iodide, some of … Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. CopyCopied, Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users, Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module, Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™, Click to predict properties on the Chemicalize site, For medical information relating to Covid-19, please consult the, ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module, US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™, Compounds with the same molecular formula, Search Google for structures with same skeleton, colourless to yellow liquid (67% solution). Hydrogen fluoride can be made with sulfuric acid, but hydrogen bromide and hydrogen iodide cannot. For example, nitromethylquinoline (194) and other derivatives react with benzoyl chloride to form O-benzoyl oxyimidic chloride (195) derivatives (Scheme 19). The same compound can be obtained also by hydrolysis of chloronitroacetyl chloride (189) followed by elimination of carbon dioxide <65ZOB248> or by the reaction of mercury fulminate with chlorine <32CB65>, while the corresponding dibromo analogue is obtained in the reaction of the mercury fulminate with bromine <30G703>. 1. Introduction During oxidative water treatment at circumneutral pH, iodide (I −) is rapidly oxidized to aqueous iodine, mainly hypoiodous acid (HOI), which has a high potential to produce iodinated disinfection byproducts (I-DBPs) by its reactions with dissolved organic matter moieties (Bichsel and von Gunten, 1999; Bichsel and von Gunten, 2000a; Criquet et al., 2012; Allard et al., 2015). Anhydrous hydrogen fluoride (AHF) is a liquid By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Safety Data Sheet . The reaction has been extended also to heteroaryl-substituted nitroalkanes. Less acidic conditions can be employed than is normal for tin metal dissolution and examples of allylic systems (equation 97)148 have been cleaved as well as secondary and tertiary benzylic centers. TMS-Cl–NaI–MeCN is recognized as an equivalent to TMS-I and is a less costly alternative to Me2SiI2. CopyCopied, XMBWDFGMSWQBCA-UHFFFAOYSA-N The oxyimidic iodides are prepared by exchange of chlorine with iodine by treatment with potassium iodide in acetone <11JPR453>. For example, 1,2,2-trifluoro-1,2-dichloro-1-nitroethane (185) is transformed into difluorochloroacetoximidic fluoride (186) (Equation (53)) <60ZOB2409>. ω-Nitroacetophenone (192) reacts with acetyl chloride or bromide in the presence of aluminum chloride to produce the corresponding oxyimidic halides (193) <55LA(594)185>. Hydrogen Iodide 10034-85-2 1 % WHMIS Classification A , E Component Analysis - Inventory Hydrogen Iodide (10034-85-2) US CA EU AU PH JP - ENCS JP - ISHL KR KECI -Annex 1 KR KECI -Annex 2 KR - REACH CCA CN NZ MX TW Yes DSL EIN Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes . A solution of hydrogen iodide in water; marketed in various concentrations; 57% HI density: 1.7; 47% HI, density: 1.5; 10% HI, density: 1.1; colorless when freshly made, but rapidly turns yellowish or brown on exposure to light and air; miscible with water and alcohol; dissolves iodine; the azeotrope (56.9% HI) boils at 127 °C; density: 1.70; strong, corrosive acid; attacks natural rubber; 0.10 molar solution: pH … HOLLIDAY Ph.D., D.Sc., F.R.I.C., A.G. MASSEY B.Sc., Ph.D., A.R.I.C., in, Non-Aqueous Solvents in Inorganic Chemistry, Reaction Kinetics: Homogeneous Gas Reactions, The reverse reaction, the decomposition of, Historically, hydrogen derived from dissociation of, Synthesis: Carbon with Two Attached Heteroatoms with at Least One Carbon-to-Heteroatom Multiple Link, Reduction of perfluorochloro- or bromonitro alkanes with, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry. The interpretation of such small isotope effects has proved a very difficult matter, as was indicated at the end of the last chapter. The same products can be obtained also from 2-(nitrobromo)ethyl quinoline (196) <60ZOB506>. Available at:, Corrosion in Liquids, Corrosion Evaluation, Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), Polymer Science: A Comprehensive Reference, Synthesis: Carbon with One Heteroatom Attached by a Single Bond, Comprehensive Organic Functional Group Transformations, A.K. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. 2-Nitroacetaldehyde oxime (190) gives with hydrochloric acid the corresponding glyoxylic amidoxime oxyimidic chloride (191) (Equation (55)) <10JPR224, 11JPR453>. HX = H + + X −. Hydrogen chloride, bromide, and iodide are all gases at ambient temperatures and available commercially in nominally anhydrous specifications, containing trace quantities of water. 6th ed.Vol 1: Federal Republic of Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. 2003 to Present, p. As an alternative mild application of HI, diiododimethylsilane (Me2SiI2) has merit for reduction of secondary and tertiary benzylic alcohols to hydrocarbons at room temperature in near quantitative yields.147 Side chain carbonyl groups were unaffected, but benzyl alcohol itself was converted to the iodide. Acceleration of the hydrogenolysis rate is achieved by addition of phosphorus to remove the iodine formed.143 In general reduction with HI is efficient for acid-tolerant substrates and is a useful alternative to catalytic methods, especially to achieve chemoselectivity (equations 95 and 96).144,145 Application of HI to cleavage of allylic centers has not been useful as allylic and other unsaturated centers are more susceptible to HI addition and elimination effects.

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