����W8v�o}��4y��gݠ��+)w�䉭v�jj!��o��$-�(C'�-��. /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /T1_3 30 0 R Verbs, all tenses and moods, Sporades. /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] 8 0 obj /Parent 5 0 R /ModDate (D:20201127041025+00'00') endstream As always, the tenses of SUBJUNCTIVE and OPTATIVE denote ASPECT, not time. ταῦτα ποιοῦσιν ἵνα ἡ πόλις ἐλευθέρα ᾖ. /T1_5 32 0 R Downloaded from https://www.cambridge.org/core. /T1_3 32 0 R >> endobj /XObject << >> /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /Parent 5 0 R /GS0 22 0 R endobj /Length 1043 >> /T1_5 33 0 R /Fm0 57 0 R /Producer (Adobe PDF Library 11.0) /Count 4 x�+� � | Notes on Greek Tenses, Moods, and Prepositions. /TT0 36 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /C2_1 25 0 R Verbs, all tenses and moods, weather report Verbs, all tenses and moods, deadly Himalayan avalanche << stream << 2 0 obj 1. /Thumb 58 0 R /Resources << /T1_6 33 0 R If, for example, the MAIN VERB of the sentence is a PRIMARY tense (e.g., present, future, perfect) or a MOOD that refers to a possible future action (i.e., imperative, subjunctive, optative): If the MAIN VERB of the sentence is a SECONDARY tense (e.g., imperfect, aorist, pluperfect): This pattern–subjunctive following primary main verbs, optative following secondary main verbs–is called the SEQUENCE OF MOODS. /F9 38 0 R << /Annots [59 0 R 60 0 R 61 0 R] /TT1 36 0 R The mood of the verb in the purpose clause is SUBJUNCTIVE or OPTATIVE, as determined by the SEQUENCE OF MOODS. /Type /Page endobj /Count 0 https://doi.org/10.1017/S205863101600026X << /C2_0 24 0 R Ae^�쑴����~� >��i2j�6�ѽz6v�����!‹�dґ������f��_*�����CBT�Yɡݐ��rd��&�L?gA0��s3~���ma���p�g�ݩ�^�`�ٛ�q���=̈9k?N�e�Sv�?�Ht�Ж /Rotate 0 /Annots [42 0 R 43 0 R 44 0 R] /Outlines 3 0 R Downloaded from https://www.cambridge.org/core. /TT2 37 0 R << >> /T1_0 27 0 R endobj Since the imperative mood exists in Greek only in the present- and aorist-tense verb forms, there were only two tenses for Paul and Silas to choose from to command the jailer to believe. /Type /Page /C2_0 24 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode Ancient Greek for Everyone by Wilfred E. Major and Michael Laughy is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. /Contents [45 0 R 46 0 R 47 0 R] They are doing these things so that the city may be free. /Font << The Greek verb is used in four moods (indicative, imperative, subjunctive, optative) and two ‘non-finite’ (as some people like to think of them) moods (participle and infinitive). << /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /Fm0 39 0 R endobj /Fm0 49 0 R /XObject << /Trapped /False /T1_4 48 0 R /ExtGState << /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] >> /Font << >> /F15 38 0 R endobj >> subjunctive mood these tenses indicate something other than time, viz. /T1_1 28 0 R /BleedBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /S /D H�|TMo�6���#UX4I����ݴ��n�U�CT2�8l,ҡ���R�c�PX������̼yM֟�1�M������K~K~h�G+x�ph��8�O�X�9�BR�e ��u�WЎ �u�����&����� >> /Kids [8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R] >> (I take a finite verb to be one that has a definite tense… /T1_2 31 0 R For example: A purpose clause in Greek is introduced by the following conjunctions: The mood of the verb in the purpose clause is SUBJUNCTIVE or OPTATIVE, as determined by the SEQUENCE OF MOODS. /GS1 23 0 R @��1ʄ��uD��jh�� /ExtGState << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /TT1 65 0 R IP address: 88.208.193.166, on 27 Nov 2020 at 04:10:25, subject to the Cambridge Core terms of use, available at https://www.cambridge.org/core/terms. /Resources << endobj /Contents [54 0 R 55 0 R 56 0 R] (c) 2020 Oaktree Software, Version 9 Levels upgrades to Essential Collection, Site License Pack for up to 20 devices: English Study, Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (November 2014), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (August 2015), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (November 2015), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (January 2016), Greek Master, Complete Set of Greek Texts/Tools (June 2016), Bible Study Collection pre-installed for emulator on DVD, Essential Collection pre-installed for emulator on DVD. endstream /Resources << 12 0 obj >> 6 0 obj >> /GS0 22 0 R >> endobj /T1_4 33 0 R >> /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /T1_4 31 0 R /Rotate 0 For many subordinate clauses, such as PURPOSE CLAUSES or FEAR CLAUSES, the TENSE or MOOD of the main verb determines the MOOD–subjunctive or optative–of the verb in the subordinate clause. /Direction /L2R /GS0 22 0 R In English we have really more accuracy as to this than the Greek. /Contents [12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R] The clause acts essentially as the direct object of a verb of fearing. >> /Thumb 50 0 R /ExtGState << /T1_2 29 0 R /Pages 5 0 R /Font << >> /Length 667 Translate the sentence. 18 Responses to “Mood vs. Tense” Julie on January 18, 2014 10:24 am. >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] << endobj /ArtBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] ἐπέμπψαμεν δῶρα ἵνα λύοιτε τοὺς ἀδελφούς. Greek, so far as those functions are expressed by the dis- tinctions of mood and tense. /Rotate 0 /Nums [0 7 0 R] << /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] 9 0 obj /Parent 5 0 R << VERB TENSE, VOICE and MOOD (TVM) The easiest way to do this on the web is to use the Interlinear Bible on Biblehub.com. 2020-11-27T04:10:25+00:00 /T1_0 27 0 R /C2_1 26 0 R stream /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] 4 0 obj /F10 38 0 R /XObject << /Type /Catalog Where to Find. /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] Now let’s consider how these moods are used in SUBORDINATE clauses. /GS1 23 0 R 11 0 obj /GS1 23 0 R Not for further distribution unless allowed by the License or with the express written permission of Cambridge University Press. >> /F9 38 0 R /TrimBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] << to contribute to the interpretation of the New Testament by the exposition of the functions of the verb in New Testament Greek, so far as those functions are expressed by the distinctions of mood and tense.”, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek• Author: Ernest De Witt Burton• Text of 1898 version (Third Edition) published by The University of Chicago Press, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek (Burton) is included with the following packages, [email protected] | /St 58 /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89] /T1_7 34 0 R << /T1_5 33 0 R >> For each of the following fear and purpose clauses, give the tense and mood of both the main verb and the verb in the subordinate clause. stream IP address: 88.208.193.166, on 27 Nov 2020 at 04:10:25, subject to the Cambridge Core terms of use, available at https://www.cambridge.org/core/terms. 3 0 obj /ViewerPreferences << /C2_1 26 0 R /Annots [67 0 R 68 0 R 69 0 R] >> >> /T1_3 32 0 R /Fm0 49 0 R �MY�N�� ���3|�Z��)B�D��U���Dq��KZ��o\���euCf{���3�+�m�5��pS��^ы�#��rV/�|_#z�eE�Ӓ�8྄R"&CXyױ(q�����5��U�Р"���&p�DC.�N�rYY���+�׵$1o�$7JKvw ��DZ�KT,CR8O�s�z����TH�] �_ I���

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