Hunter, Ian. He received his early education there from his father, a schoolteacher. . Lif…, Celsus Although such views were held by some Pietists, they were not confined to them, and Thomasius continued to hold them after his Pietist period. . Christian beliefs center on the nature of God, the identity of Jesus Christ, and how people can be saved from sin and its punishments. Montreal: Montmorency, 1988. "Thomasius Christian Thomasius, Leben und Lebenswerk. In religious matters he believed in the necessity for freedom of thought and speech and thoroughly Link Salinger, R. "Christian Thomasius: Of Moral Philosophy and Natural Law." Die neue Entfindung einer wohlgegründeten und für das gemeine Wesen höchstnötige Wissenschaft. He received his early education there from his father, a schoolteacher. Through his father's lectures, Christian came under the influence of the political philosophy of Hugo Grotius and Samuel Pufendorf, and continued the study of law at the University of Frankfurt (Oder)in 1675, completing his doctorate in 1679. Besides his texts he wrote special works on "prudence" (Klugheit, prudentia ), giving advice for persons in different situations and positions. His eclecticism and opposition to dogmatism was connected with the tradition of Peter Ramus that survived in the school of John Amos Comenius and with Thomasius's philosophical individualism. Das Verborgene des Hertzens anderer Menschen auch wider ihren Willen aus der täglichen Conversation zu erkennen. Encyclopedia of Philosophy. In this respect, together with other thinkers in the German Enlightenment, he did not substantially shift his account of sovereignty far from that of Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), a balance that emphasizes his transitional status between the thought-world of the baroque and the fully mature Enlightenment. Schubert-Fikentscher, Gertrud. He was one of the most esteemed university teachers and influential writers of his day, and in 1709 he was appointed to the privy council. Trained and educated at the Universities of Frankfurt an der Oder and Leipzig, he was a product of the intellectual synthesis between Lutheran Protestantism and Scholastic Aristotelianism, which had been brokered originally by Philipp Melanchthon (1497–1560). Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The latter possibility especially would explain Thomasius's combination of empiricism and a mystical metaphysics advanced only as a hypothesis. Hochstrasser, T. J. Halle: Akademischer, 1934. He expressed his pedagogical principles in two main Latin works, Institutiones iurisprudentiae divinae (Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence, 1688), based on a lecture on Pufendorf’s natural law, and Fundamenta juris naturae et gentium (Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nations, 1705). In 1680, he married Anna Christine Heyland and started a legal … His Introductio ad Philosophiam Aulicam (An Introduction to Philosophy for the Courtier; Leipzig, 1688) was in the tradition of Renaissance humanistic pedagogy. Schneiders, Werner. Christians believe that there is only one God, whom they call Father as Jesus Christ taught them. He was required to leave Leipzig in 1690 and sought employment in Prussia at the newly founded University of Halle, where he went on to hold senior chairs in philosophy and law. The will is independent of reason and is the origin of evil. In sum, Thomasius can be considered as one of the first writers in Germany to place the individual at the heart of moral and legal theory, although he did not draw the same liberal consequences for political theory as were extracted elsewhere by John Locke (1632–1704) and other contemporary philosophers. In 1687 he became the first German university professor to lecture in German instead of Latin. . Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christian_Thomasius&oldid=988810905, Articles lacking in-text citations from November 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 11:17. □. He helped found the University of Halle (1694), where he became second and then first professor of law and (in 1710) rector of the university. Bienert, Walther. . Christian Thomasius was instrumental in making Halle the first modern University by lecturing in the vernacular (German) instead of Latin. Christian Thomasius fick sin första utbildning av sin far Jakob Thomasius (1622-1684), som var föreståndare för Thomasschule i Leipzig. Christian Thomasius was born in Leipzig on Jan. 1, 1655. It also underpinned his high-profile assaults both on the outmoded Scholastic pedantry of German university life and on several contemporary instances of what he took to be intolerance and superstition in wider society, notably witchcraft prosecutions and the use of torture to extract confessions. THOMASIUS, CHRISTIAN (1655–1728), German philosopher. Bibliography updated by Tamra Frei (2005). Cambridge, U.K., and New York, 2000. Som naturrättsteoretiker är han påverkad av Grotius och Pufendorf: rätten[förtydliga] är ett villkor för människans lycka i samhällslivet, och naturrätten har Gud skrivit i människans hjärta. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Thomasius held that philosophy should be practical and should concentrate on man, his nature, and his needs. 00.30. Christian Thomasius und seine Beziehung zum Pietismus. På grund av sina oortodoxa åsikter, bland annat om att tillåta äktenskap mellan kalvinister och lutheraner, tvingades han fly från Leipzig, och hjälptes av Fredrik I av Preussen till Halle 1690, där han deltog i att grunda stadens universitetet. In this regard, he shared much in common with his disciple Gabriel Wagner, who subsequently objected to Thomasius' religious metaphysical beliefs. He pursued the study of law at Frankfurt and began teaching at the University of Leipzig in 1684. Unbekannter Thomasius. Carl Gustav Adolf von Harnack was born in Dorpat (now Tartu)…, Christian Spiritual Alliance, Church of the (CSA), Christian Science-Metaphysical Family: Intrafaith Organizations, Christian Science (Church of Christ, Scientist), Christian Schools of Mercy, Sisters of the, Christian Pharmacists Fellowship International, Christian Perspectives: Historical Traditions, Christian Perspectives: Contemporary Assessments of Technology, Christian Perspectives: Contemporary Assessments of Science, Christian, Emile (Joseph; aka “Boot-mouth”), Holism and Individualism in History and Social Science, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/thomasius-christian-1655-1728, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/thomasius-christian-1655-1728, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/thomasius.

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