How to sustain this sedentary hunter-gatherer society? @user158657 Regarding your second query, we would have to assess stability based on both charge density (i.e. The carbon oxoanion resulting from the removal of a proton from carbonic acid. Why is the bicarbonate ion ( p$\ce{Ka = 10.3}$ ) more stable than the carbonate ion ? Values are meant to compare things together especially in terms of pka. Mentor added his name as the author and changed the series of authors into alphabetical order, effectively putting my name at the last. Why were there only 531 electoral votes in the US Presidential Election 2016? Since $\ce{H2CO3}$ is more stable than $\ce{CO3^2-}$ (because it has a lower charge and all the octets are completed), the p$K_{\mathrm a}$ must be high (more alkaline than acid). Ionic compounds are always electrically neutral because they have equal amounts of positive and negative charge. The reason for this is same as the one given for the instability of aluminium carbonate, iron (III) carbonate etc. Another OH on an sp2 carbon is phenol, and funny enough phenol pka is 9.95. CopyCopied, CSID:749, http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.749.html (accessed 02:58, Nov 27, 2020) This is due to there being a smaller negative charge on the bicarbonate ion and there being still 2 equivalent resonance structures to spread out the negative charge. I understood that , but i didnt get the realation between what you said and why H2CO3 is more unstable than HCO3-. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Bicarbonate anion, hydrogencarbonate, 71-52-3. Nonetheless, the person elements and ions have charges. Why is Soulknife's second attack not Two-Weapon Fighting? For me you explained why CO3-2 is more unstable than HCO3-.Could you try explain to me again ? You can't meaningfully compare neutral molecules to ions in terms of stability. Chemistry Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for scientists, academics, teachers, and students in the field of chemistry. Limitations of Monte Carlo simulations in finance, What would result from not adding fat to pastry dough. Carbonic acid is not necessarily more stable than the carbonate ion. Furthermore, when talking about carbonates, you need to consider not only pKa of solution but pressure and proportion of carbon dioxide in gas phase. @user158657 Your first query can be answered very logically. I want to understand why the p$K_{\mathrm a}$ of $\ce{HCO3-}$ is approximately 10.2 and not less. When you consider that potassium bicarbonate is a impartial compound--all electrons are fully bonded--consequently, it has a web cost of zero. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. That is, the carbonate ion has a highly polarisable electron cloud, which can be distorted by densely positively-charged species, such as the hydrogen ion, in this case. The answer to that question is to reverse it, why does the carboxylic acid in the carbonate at a pka of 3.6 (which is ballpark carboxylic acid). This should be the correct line of thought. Since in bicarbonate, there is only one H+ distorting the electron cloud while in carbonic acid, there are two H+ producing a much greater amount of distortion, carbonic acid is definitely much less stable due to the electron cloud of its carbonate ion being extremely polarised. Problem is that this system of resonance cannot stabilise two charges. Although the carbonate ion has 3 equivalent structures, compared to the the bicarbonate ion, which only has 2 equivalent ones, the charge density of the ion is twice that of the bicarbonate ion. Thus, even though it can delocalise the charge over one more oxygen atom, it does not compensate for the extra unit of negative charge. CopyCopied, BVKZGUZCCUSVTD-UHFFFAOYSA-M charge of the ion) and charge distribution (i.e. In fact, the $\mathrm{pK_a}$ values themselves are telling you that the most stable species, Bicarbonate decomposition and pKa [closed], MAINTENANCE WARNING: Possible downtime early morning Dec 2/4/9 UTC (8:30PM…, “Question closed” notifications experiment results and graduation, Polarisation of electron clouds by partially positively-charged hydrogen atoms, Predicting pH of an acidic salt of an weak acid and weak base, Hydrolysis of salts containing amphiprotic anion, How to calculate pH of the Na2CO3 solution given ambiguous Ka values. It only takes a minute to sign up. Although the carbonate ion has 3 equivalent structures, compared to the the bicarbonate ion, which only has 2 equivalent ones, the charge density of the ion is twice that of the bicarbonate ion. Question: A. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. number of resonance structures). Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. B. Is Elastigirl's body shape her natural shape, or did she choose it? What kind of overshoes can I use with a large touring SPD cycling shoe such as the Giro Rumble VR? Therefore, this hydrogen atom causes the ion to become monovalent anions while the carbonate is a divalent anion. Thus, carbonic acid is not a very stable species and compared to the bicarbonate ion, which only has one densely-charged hydrogen ion distorting its electron cloud, it is definitely more unstable. Evan pKa table is the perfect tool to answer most structural pKa questions, work by comparing species together. Draw The Lewis Structure For HCN, CH2NH, And CH3NH2. When you claim that one product is more stable, you need to mention in which condition otherwise we cannot make any prediction. However, bicarbonate ion has a hydrogen atom as well. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. Reference: 1. What LEGO piece is this arc with ball joint? By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. You have added an extra hydroxide ion to the right-hand side. If the pH of blood increases, one would expect ____. Compared to the carbonate ion, which has twice the charge density but yet only 1 more resonance structure, the bicarbonate ion is more stable. What is the best way to remove 100% of a software that is not yet installed? Want to improve this question? Looking for a function that approximates a parabola. How to ingest and analyze benchmark results posted at MSE? Sodium bicarbonate is not as soluble as one might think it is. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Why is R_t (or R_0) and not doubling time the go-to metric for measuring Covid expansion? OOP implementation of Rock Paper Scissors game logic in Java. Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. Why carbonic acid ( p$\ce{Ka = 6.3}$ ) is not stable? In [1], the equilibrium will be shifted to the left and in [2] the equilibrium will be shifted to the right. (Note: All Contain A Carbon- Nitrogen Bond) Which Molecule To You Expect To Have The Shortest Nitrogen-to-carbon Bond? One of the buffers that contribute to pH stability in human blood is carbonic acid (H2CO3). The answer to that question is obviously resonance structure of the carboxylic acid that stabilises the negative charge. With no pressure applied, the amount of carbonate in solution if very low. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. It makes no sense to ask why a compound has a specific value of pka. Thus, the carbonate ion is more unstable compared to bicarbonate. Add details and clarify the problem by editing this post. Then what remains of the other OH in the carbonic acid, what is it? Also, bringing up completed octets doesn't help much, because. Is the word ноябрь or its forms ever abbreviated in Russian language? Draw The Lewis Structure And Identify The Formal Charge On Carbon In The Bicarbonate Ion (HOCO2): Show Calculation For The Formal Charge.

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