1. 2. Verse 7. "Not to all the people" - In the order of Divine providence, the public were to be no longer instructed by Jesus Christ personally; but it was necessary that those who were to preach redemption in his name should be thoroughly furnished to this good and great work; therefore, the time he spent on earth, after his resurrection, was devoted to the instruction of his disciples. BIS. A foreign critic makes a good sense by connecting this with the preceding verse, thus: In every nation he that feared him and worketh righteousness is accepted with him, according to that doctrine which God sent unto the children of Israel, by which he published peace (i.e. a supernatural representation; and it was fanerwv, manifestly, evidently made; and at such a time too as precluded the possibility of his being asleep; for it was about the ninth hour of the day, answering to our three o'clock in the afternoon, (see note on chap. This clause, so explanatory, is wanting in almost every MS. and version of note. Verse 17. Remission of sins.] It is however necessary to remark that the word nhsteuwn, fasting is wanting in ABC, one other; the Coptic, AEthiopic, Armenian, and Vulgate; but it has not been omitted in any edition of the Greek Testament. "And as he talked with him" - Cornelius had met Peter at some short distance from his house, and they conversed together till they went in. Verse 39. i. In such a state, God requires that a man shall love him with all his heart, soul, mind, and strength; and his neighbour as himself. Cornelius prayed, fasted, and gave alms. Remission of sins.] "I myself also am a man." - From this it appears that matters of great moment had occupied the mind of Cornelius. It is not therefore the nation, kindred, profession, mode or form of worship, that the just God regards; but the character, the state of heart, and the moral deportment. Perhaps he had heard of Jesus, and had been perplexed with the different opinions that prevailed concerning him, and now prayed to God that he might know what part he should take; and the answer to this prayer is, "Send to Joppa for Simon Peter, he shall tell thee what thou oughtest to do." He who is taught by the Spirit of God will be saved from both. "Witnesses chosen before of God" - That is, God chose such men to attest this fact as were every way best qualified to give evidence on the subject; persons who were always to be found; who might at all times be confronted with those, if any such should offer themselves, who could pretend to prove that there was any imposture in this case; and persons who, from the very circumstances in which they were placed, must appear to have an absolute conviction of the truth of all they attested. God chose such witnesses whose testimony should be unimpeachable; the men who knew him best, and who by their depositions in proof of the fact should evidently risk their lives. All that should be found alive at the day of judgment, as well as all that had died previously. 24; Micah vii. Some would say, This is he; others, He is like him; and so on; and the valid testimony must be lost in the confusion of the multitude. 3. - That is, in the name of Jesus Christ; which implied their taking upon them the public profession of Christianity, and believing on Christ Jesus as their saviour and Sovereign; for, as they were baptized in his name, they professed thereby to be his disciples and followers. When in former times the Roman legion contained 6000, each cohort consisted of 600, and was divided into three manipuli; but both the legions and cohorts were afterwards various in the numbers they contained. And even these trials and temptations will be pressed into our service, for all things work together for good to them that love God, Rom. reconciliation between Jews and Gentiles) by Jesus Christ, who is Lord of all; and, because Lord of all, both of Jews and Gentiles, therefore he must be impartial; and, because impartial, or no respecter of persons, therefore, in every nation, whether Judea, Greece, or Italy, he that feareth God, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him. 24; Micah vii. Proud member 34; Dan. - They had got new hearts as well as new tongues; and, having believed with the heart unto righteousness, their tongues made confession unto salvation; and God was magnified for the mercy which he had imparted. - Both Jews and Gentiles came equally from God; and to him, both, by the preaching of the Gospel, shall again return. - "I am not an angel; I am come to you simply, on the part of God, to deliver to you the doctrine of eternal life." For what are professions, &c., in the sight of that God who trieth spirits, and by whom actions are weighed! xiii. what confusion would be the consequence of such an exposure! For what are professions, &c., in the sight of that God who trieth spirits, and by whom actions are weighed! Verse 40. "To him give all the prophets witness" - See Isa. And if God requires all this, will not a man need all the grace that has been brought to light by the revelation of Jesus Christ to enable him to do it? "Not to all the people" - In the order of Divine providence, the public were to be no longer instructed by Jesus Christ personally; but it was necessary that those who were to preach redemption in his name should be thoroughly furnished to this good and great work; therefore, the time he spent on earth, after his resurrection, was devoted to the instruction of his disciples. viii. "We are witnesses of all" - In this speech St. Peter may refer, not only to the twelve apostles, but to the six brethren whom he had brought with him. 595. - The word quick we retain from our ancient mother tongue, the Saxon (Anglo-Saxon), to live, hence (Anglo-Saxon) and (Anglo-Saxon), life, and (Anglo- Saxon), grass; and from this our quicks, quick-set hedges, fences made of living thorns, &c. By quick and dead we are to understand: 22; but, as all the company might not have been informed of the circumstances, he, as it were, invites him to tell his story afresh, that his friends, &c., might be the better prepared to receive the truth, which he was about to dispense, in obedience to his Divine commission. 1. 28. Pious and sincere prayers are high in God's estimation; and therefore are said to ascend to him, as the smoke and flame of the burnt-offering appeared to ascend to heaven. All that had lived from the foundation of the world till that time; and all that were then alive. All that should be found alive at the day of judgment, as well as all that had died previously. After he had been baptized by John, he went into the desert, and remained there forty days. Now was the middle wall of partition broken down, and the Gentiles admitted to the same privileges with the Jews. The phrase, afesiv amartiwn, means simply the taking away of sins; and this does not refer to the guilt of sin merely, but also to its power, nature, and consequences. 4. Of this opinion was St. Peter, previously to the heavenly vision mentioned in this chapter. xiii. "Not to all the people" - In the order of Divine providence, the public were to be no longer instructed by Jesus Christ personally; but it was necessary that those who were to preach redemption in his name should be thoroughly furnished to this good and great work; therefore, the time he spent on earth, after his resurrection, was devoted to the instruction of his disciples. All that should be found alive at the day of judgment, as well as all that had died previously. We should not covet to eat our spiritual morsels alone. Most people do either the one or the other. Mourning over our miseries will never supply the lack of faith in Christ, and very seldom tends even to humble the heart. "They of the circumcision-were astonished" - Because it was a maxim with them that the Shechinah or Divine influence could not be revealed to any person who dwelt beyond the precincts of the promised land. This is impossible; for God is our father, and, being every where present, he sees our state, and his eye affects his heart. - As Peter's coming was announced by an angel, Cornelius might have supposed that Peter himself was an angel, and of a superior order; seeing he came to announce what the first angel was not employed to declare: it was, probably, in consequence of this thought that he prostrated himself before Peter, offering him the highest act of civil respect; for there was nothing in the act, as performed by Cornelius, which belonged to the worship of the true God. - That is, in the name of Jesus Christ; which implied their taking upon them the public profession of Christianity, and believing on Christ Jesus as their saviour and Sovereign; for, as they were baptized in his name, they professed thereby to be his disciples and followers.

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